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Remedial biology notes pdf

BP106RBT Remedial Biology Syllabus, Notes, MCQ, Books, PDF, Downloads


Living world:

Definition and characters of living organisms
Diversity in the living world
Binomial nomenclature
Five kingdoms of life and basis of classification. Salient features of Monera,
Potista, Fungi, Animalia and Plantae, Virus

Morphology of Flowering plants

Morphology of different parts of flowering plants – Root, stem, inflorescence, flower, leaf, fruit, seed.
General Anatomy of Root, stem, leaf of monocotyledons & Dicotylidones.


Body fluids and circulation

Composition of the blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood
Composition and functions of lymph
Human circulatory system
Structure of human heart and blood vessels
Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, and ECG

Digestion and Absorption

Human alimentary canal and digestive glands
Role of digestive enzymes
Digestion, absorption, and assimilation of digested food

Breathing and respiration

Human respiratory system
Mechanism of breathing and its regulation
Exchange of gases, transport of gases, and regulation of respiration
Respiratory volumes


Excretory products and their elimination

Modes of excretion
Human excretory system- structure and function
Urine formation
Rennin angiotensin system

Neural control and coordination

Definition and classification of the nervous system
Structure of a neuron
Generation and conduction of nerve impulse
Structure of brain and spinal cord
Functions of cerebrum, cerebellum, hypothalamus, and medulla oblongata

Chemical coordination and regulation

Endocrine glands and their secretions
Functions of hormones secreted by endocrine glands

Human reproduction

Parts of the female reproductive system
Parts of the male reproductive system
Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis
Menstrual cycle


Plants and mineral nutrition:

An essential mineral, macro, and micronutrients
Nitrogen metabolism, Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation


Autotrophic nutrition, photosynthesis, Photosynthetic pigments, Factors affecting photosynthesis.


Plant respiration:

Respiration, glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic).

Plant growth and development

Phases and rate of plant growth, Condition of growth, Introduction to plant growth regulators

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Remedial biology

Remedial biology 2 unit



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